Lemon Farming


  • Plants will be provided by Kisan Buggy Of desired Variety to your farm.
  • Delivery Cost will be included in Plant cost.
  • Technical Support will be given to farmers from Land preparation to Harvesting of Crop.
  • Buy Back Facility Will be provided.
  • Payment will be given on Farm.

Lemon Farming (Nimbu Ki kheti) can help farmers to multiple their incomes and improve their Standard of living. Currently Most of the farmers are in to traditional farming growing wheat, rice, maize etc due to which they are not able to earn enough to sustain their family.

Currently Farmers are earning 50000 -100000 per acre but Lemon farming (Nimbu ki kheti) can help them to earn 5-10 Lac rupees per acre. Initially for 2-3 years when plants are small farmers can do inter cropping and earn additional income. 

Kisan Buggy supports farmers to achieve their dreams of multiplying their income. Average land holding is decreasing day by day so it is a high time for farmers to adopt Lemon farming ( Nimbu ki kheti).

Income from Lemon Cultivation:

Plants Per Acre: 500

Per Plant Yeild: 50 kg Lemon

Lets Assume, Market Rate: Rs.30 /Kg

Income from One Plant: 50X30 =1500

Income from 500 Plants: 1500X500= 7.5 Lakh

Investment For 1 Acre :-

Spacing- 9*12 ft OR 10*10 ft

Number of plants per acre – 450+50 (For replacement) =500

Price of 1 Plant = Rs 170 ( Including Transportation of plants Till Farms + Supervisor For Plantation day + Technical assistance regarding usages of Fertilizer, Pesticide and irrigation schedule)

Total Investment for the plantation of 1 Acre = 170*500 =85000

Lemon:-

Lemon is the most important fruit crop after Banana and Mango. Lemon provides its significance to the food or juice due to its taste and flavor together with medicinal and nutritious values. Lemons are a wealthy supply of minerals, antioxidants and phytonutrients. They include folate, potassium, molybdenum, flavonoids and compounds, which is suggested with the aid of using many dieticians for each day intake, which boasts an immune system. 

Lemons have the capability to develop in all forms of soils. It grows properly at soils with a pH variety of 5.5-7.5. light loam and properly tired are the maximum appropriate for lemon cultivation. Lemons are the effective crops, in which they begin generating the end result from 1st year and sustain a life of 15-20 years. It prefers a temperature variety of 20oC to 25oC. 

Lemon can be grown under a wide range of climatic conditions. However, too hot or too cold weather is counterproductive to fruit size and flowering. Areas with dry climate and low rainfall are best suited for growing Limes. Lemons can be grown in heavy rainfall humid regions. 

Soil Requirements

Lime and Lemon may be planted in medium black, loamy or alluvial soils having perfect drainage and devoid of calcium carbonate layer. Lemon can grow in all sorts of soils, but well drained sandy loam and clay-loam soils rich in humus with fairly good Potash content are best for its cultivation. The soil should be well aerated. Heavy soil should be avoided. Soils with high organic matter are preferred; FYM (Farm Yard Manure) or compost should be incorporated during land preparation. Lay out should ensure that Soil has good internal drainage.

Home hobby enthusiasts would do well to make a potting mixture of equal parts of compost, perlite and peat moss or coir.  Another potting mixture may be suggested to contain of 5 parts of wood chips, one part of peat moss and one part of perlite/vermiculite.

The pH level for citrus trees between 5.5 and 7.5, are good; however they can tolerate with reduced productivity pH range of 4–9.

Lemon varieties:

  • Kagaji Baramasi 

Planting:-

Land is prepared by ploughing 3 or 4 times (or as required). The earth should not have any lumps or boulders. It should be well aerated. Pits then are dug which could be from 40x40x40 to 60x60x60 depending on the variety. The pits are filled up with Farm Yard Manure (FYM). The top soil is applied with urea and superphosphate and mixed well. Lemons need space for good air circulation; otherwise diseases may manifest.

Fertilization

Fertilizer application actually depends upon the soil of the farmer. It is recommended to have the soil and water analyzed before deciding on the actual quantity of fertilizers. As a normal practice the following fertilizers are indicated for Lemon farming.

Up to age 5 of the plant, we may give 20 kg Farm Yard Manure, 100 g urea and 1 kg Superphosphate per plant in two equal split doses in June and December every year. Fifth year onwards 40 kg FYM, 400 g N + 200 g P + 400 g K per plant in two split doses in June-July and September-October be applied. In addition, 150 g N is applied per plant 15 days after fruit set.

Micronutrients like magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, etc. may also need to be given. This should be done after careful analysis of the leaves of the tree or plant.

Trees in production stages take certain quantities of nutrients from the earth. It is required that the same are replenished to keep up the production. Leaf analysis and soil analysis combined provide valuable advice and prevents unnecessary and overdose of nutrients.
Some growers may like to give the fertilizers in three parts.

Manures and fertilizers are applied in a circular trench 20-30 cm deep about a meter wide around the periphery of the tree. Manures are thoroughly mixed with soil, and the tree irrigated profusely.

Additional Spray during production

NPK 19:19:19 plus Manganese @ 1% after 45 days of planting to invigorate growth.
Spray of zinc Sulphate @ 0.5% weekly or so after about 35 days of planting.
Farmers know that nutrigation is a constant routine for the entire life cycle of the trees. Farmers need to make a chart for this purpose.  In addition to soil, nutrition would be required to be given through foliar sprays, as for example in winter’s foliar spray of phosphorous needs to be given.

Companion Plants

Marigolds, basil, calendula, carrots, peppers, onions, beans and others are some companion plants which may be grown along with Lemon/Lime trees. Plant the same in a circular area around the tree trunk for best protection.

Irrigation

Careful irrigation practices are to be put in place for watering these trees. Water needs to be sufficient but over watering is to be avoided.

Production

The Grafted trees start production from 1st or 2nd  year but maturity is in the 7th or 8th year. It takes 40-60 days from flowering for a Lemon to reach full ripeness, depending on temperature and the variety.

 Harvest a Lemon

Lemons are ready to pick as soon as they are yellow or yellow green in appearance and firm. The fruit will be 2 to 3 inches in size. It’s better to wait until they are the right size and not worry so much about color than to wait for them to be completely yellow. Lemons that are ready to be picked also have a slightly glossy appearance. Lemon picking is better too early than too late.

Limes are harvested prior to ripening, while the lime is still green. Limes are actually yellow once fully ripe but will be bitter and not taste very good when harvested yellow. To determine whether a green lime is ripe enough for harvesting, gently twist one from the stem of the lime tree and cut it open. Harvest time is appropriate if the fruit is juicy inside.

Harvesting in 1 acre lemon farming: 

We propose 500 Lemon trees to be planted in 1 acre of Land . Lemons take 150-160 days for maturity and the fruits also start at the age of 1 years, but you can find 3 to 4 crops in a year. It starts from the first  year with 55-70 fruits per tree and gets stabilized in 5th year with an average production of 1000-1500 fruits per tree.The economic lifetime of lemon is 15-20years.